Common Carp ( Cyprinus carpio )
Mouth and Snout: Subterminal with 2 obvious barbels on each side. No teeth. Shorter barbels at tip of snout and longer barbels at the corners of the mouth. Body Pattern: Variable, from solid dark brown to golden or olive brown on back and flanks grading to tan, cream or yellowish white. Fins pigmented similarly to body. Scales outlined in dark pigment especially anteriorly, giving the sides a cross-hatch or even spotted appearance. The body is fully scaled with relatively large scales. A natural genetic mutation causes some carp to develop without scales (leather carp) or with only a few scales (mirror carp). Body Shape: Slightly laterally compressed, somewhat ventrally flattened. Typical adult size is 400-700 mm TL (1.3-2.3 ft), with a maximum of about 1200 mm (4 ft).
Common carp is active in feeding when the water temperature is over 18–20 oC. Though common carp tolerates high water temperature (around 28–30 oC) the optimum temperature of growing is between 20 and 25 oC. During those periods when the water temperature is lower than about 15–16 oC feeding of common carp becomes less and less intensive. Feeding practically stops if the water temperature sinks under about 8 o C. When the water temperature is under about 5 oC carp hibernates in groups in the mud of deeper waters.
In rivers and lakes, carp prefer shallow, sluggish, warm, and well-vegetated waters. They also thrive in bayous, reservoirs, farm ponds, and sewage lagoons. (You might want to skip the lagoons, if looking for a filet or lucky scale.)
Common carp is a typical peaceful omnivorous fish which consumes a range of different natural foods, including planktonic crustaceans, insects (including their larvae and pupae), the tender parts and seeds of water plants, and also fish eggs and larvae, as well as smaller fish. It is important to note that common carp is a flexible and opportunistic feeder that can switch from preferred to alternative diets according to the food availability (Hoole et al., 2001).
Carp biological cycle begins from the developments in the gonads (ovaries of female fish nan manghasilkan eggs, while the male fish sperm manghasilkan). Basically, spawning carp can only take place throughout the year and not dependent on the season. But, in the original workshops, Bering carp spawn in the beginning of the rainy season. This is due to the cause of stimulation of aroma dry and waterlogged soil.pond, where the egg hatches out to hatchlings and the hatchlings grow to fries and fingerlings.